What is the correct way to build muscle?
The correct way to build muscle is work on getting stronger over time using the best weight lifting exercises and eating lots of healthy food to provide a moderate calorie surplus to your body.
For example, start out with the best exercises:
3. Push Up
5. Overhead Press
6. Chin Up
You would start out with very light weights on each of the above exercises and increase the amount of weight you are lifting over time.
Maxing out each workout and going to failure every set is not required to build muscle.
If you need to go to failure to set a new record some workouts, then do so. But you don't need to do so all the time.
Weight, reps, and sets should be manipulated so you can continue increasing the weight over the course of the program without so much struggling.
Increasing the weight by large amounts from the beginning to the end of a workout program will ensure that you build muscle along with proper rest and diet.
Measure results each week and make adjustments when needed.
For instance, if you did not gain as much muscle as you wanted one week, increase the amount of calories you are eating.